Occupational Hazards of Pesticide Exposure
Authors: Translated by: Dr Seyed Jamaleddin Shahtaheri, Leila Ibrahimi Ghavam Abadi, Behzad Fouladi Dehghi
Year of Publications: 2007
Number Of Pages: 387
Price: 58000 Rials
Table of Contents:
Pesticides are used extensively in agriculture, forestry, and public health. Despite the obvious benefits, such agents must be considered toxic to all who handle them when these agents are not used according to recommended application technology, dosage levels, reentry time intervals for crops, application-harvest time intervals, appropriate personal protective equipment, and so forth. The misuse of chemical pesticides is a problem of global proportions, recognized by the World Health Organization and other international and national agencies.The operative or “key” word with respect to toxicity is “exposure”. In 1985, Graham Turnbull edited Occupational Hazards to Pesticides Use (Taylor & Francis), presenting a scientific approach to occupational pesticide exposure, primarily considering exposure in relation to residues on clothing patches and skin under various conditions of application. In the 12 years since then, exposure has taken on new meaning, relating residues deposited on the skin with systemically absorbed amounts of toxicant measured by sophisticated, quantitative analyses of the pesticide, metabolites, degradation products, and surrogate tracer chemicals in biological fluids. This has been the subject of many published papers. This book approaches pesticide exposure systematically, examining both occupational and bystander exposure from aspects including aerial transport with on- and off-target loss of material, transferable or dislodge able residues from surfaces, epidermal deposition and absorption through the skin, biomonitoring of systemically absorbed residues, and the assessment of adverse health effects including neurological and neurobehavioral end points of toxicity. It is hoped that the reader will find this approach useful in gaining insight into the problems of exposure characterization or assessment that face anyone designing such experiments to monitor biological effects of exposure or developing regulatory guidelines for application practices or to protect human health.